Fat tissue that disrupts the aesthetics of the body contour can cause one to be overly conscious with themselves, and lack confidence to wear what they want or get intimate with their partner or prospective partners. This excess fat can present itself anywhere on the body but is most commonly seen around the waist, thighs, upper arms and flanks.

Liposuction is a surgical procedure that removes the fat via suction, hence the name (lipo means fat). It is one of the most popular (2nd most; after breast augmentation) cosmetic surgical operations. Contour irregularities due to excess fat can be removed while sculpting the body making use of the fat itself. After a liposuction, one can become more confident and happy with themselves.

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Added Date: 10.03.2024


Suction-Assisted Liposuction (SAL)

Suction-assisted liposuction is the traditional liposuction that uses cannulas to suction the fat. It can be done manually with a syringe or it can be automated. Manual suction is preferred on areas that are delicate and with a small amount of fat presence.

Power-assisted Liposuction (PAL)

Power assisted liposuction is similar to SAL technique but differs in that a small motor moves the cannula back and forth to make the process more efficient.

Ultrasound-assisted Liposuction (UAL)

In this technique, ultrasound cannula is used to breakdown the fat cells which can be then suctioned with standard cannulas, to increase the efficiency and ease the surgeon’s fatigue.

Laser-assisted Liposuction (LAL)

Laser-equipped cannula is used to breakdown the fat cells which can be suctioned via standard cannulas, similarly to UAL technique.


At first, during consultation, necessary discussions are made. Patients can ask their questions, voice their desires and complaints, and the surgeon will put their professional opinion on the matter. Preoperative photographs will be taken, and surgical planning will be made.

Surgical markings will point to the areas with excess fat tissue to be targeted. After anesthesia, which can be either local or general depending on the operation and preferences, is administered the patient will be prepared for the liposuction process, wetting solution and sterilization will be made and then liposuction will begin.

There are few different techniques for liposuction but in general small entry sites are cut, just wide enough for the cannula to enter, fat tissue on the target areas are sucked.

Suction is done at a rather superficial layer, there is no contact with internal organs, so do not worry it’s not dangerous. Although if it is too superficial, there can be skin dimpling which can lead to irregularities.

Possible Complications

Complications and the frequency with which they occur may vary depending on the technique used.

Contour deformities

These deformities include asymmetry, and skin dimpling.


Translucent fluid collection forming around the incision areas are called seromas and they are usually not painful and can be drained.

Temporary Weight Gain

Edema can occur after the surgery as the body is healing, which can cause you to gain weight. But this weight is not fat and therefore will go away after the recovery is complete.


Tingling sensation (paresthesia) is a temporary side effect and will resolve with time.

Fat and pulmonary embolism

Important and possibly dangerous complication is embolism, in which a vein is blocked with either fat (in fat embolism) or with blood clot, preventing blood from passing through. In extreme cases, it can be even fatal. To prevent it, you should follow your doctor’s orders, and take your medications.


Infection is very easy to prevent, you just need to keep the surgical sites clean by periodically cleaning the area.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
All surgical Procedures come with risks. However, if it is performed by an experienced and talented surgeon, the risk of having a serious problem is very small.
If you are healthy and close to your ideal weight, have excess fat deposits resistant to exercise and diet in specific regions of your body, have elastic skin, and your weight is stable, you can be a good candidate.
The most common regions include abdomen, waist, back, buttocks, calves, ankles, hips, thighs, upper arms, chest, chin, and neck.
You can’t have meaningful weight-loss via liposuction. Liposuction is for the removal of fat deposits that are resistant to exercise and diet.
The duration of the procedure depends on the extent of fat removal. The surgery usually takes one to four hours.
Based on the number of insertion points, the number of scars can change and because of the smallness of the cannula, the scars are small like a few millimeters in length. They are not visible scars and over time, they will fade.
Pregnancy does not permanently change the results of liposuction. If you lose the excess weight of pregnancy, your liposuction improvements will return as they were before the pregnancy.
Although liposuction is not an effective procedure to treat cellulite, by extracting the fat deposits in certain areas, important improvement can be achieved. However, they will not vanish completely.
Your surgeon will prepare a detailed and customized plan by discussing your goals, desires and expectations with you. He will ask you some questions about your medical history and make a physical examination. He will provide treatment options and before-after photos.
You have to avoid strenuous physical activities for 2 weeks. At this point, you will be able to begin light exercises. You can resume all physical activities after 6 weeks.